Practical Guidelines for Perioperative Hypersensitivity Reactions
Laguna JJ (1,2), Archilla J (3), Doña I (4,2), Corominas M (5), Gastaminza G (6,2), Mayorga C (4,2), Berjes-Gimeno P (7), Tornero P (8), Martin S (3), Planas A (9), Moreno E (10,2), Torres MJ (4,2).
Perioperative hypersensitivity reactions constitute a first-line problem for anesthesiologists and allergists.
Therefore, hospitals should have a consensus protocol for the diagnosis and management of these reactions. However, this kind of protocol is not present in many hospitals, leading to problems with treatment, reporting of incidents, and subsequent etiological diagnosis.
In this document, we present a systematic review of the available scientific evidence and provide general guidelines for the management of acute episodes and for referral of patients with perioperative hypersensitivity reactions to allergy units.
Members of the Drug Allergy Committee of the Spanish Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (SEAIC) have created this document in collaboration with members of the Spanish Anesthesia Society (SEDAR). A practical algorithm is proposed for the etiologic diagnosis, and recommendations are provided for the management of hypersensitive patients.