Postoperative management and nursing care after implantation of a total artificial heart: Scoping review
L Jimeno-San Martín 1 , R Goñi-Viguria 2 , L Bengoechea 3 , E Fernandez 4 , N Mendiluce 4 , C Romero 3 , G Rábago 1 , E Regaira-Martínez 5
Introduction: End-stage heart failure (HF) is a condition whose only successful long-term treatment, with a survival of more than 10 years, is heart transplantation. However, limited organ availability and the progressive increase in the number of patients with advanced HF have served as an impetus for the development of implantable mechanical assistive devices.
Aim: To provide an overview of postoperative management and nursing care after the implementation of a Total Artificial Heart (TAH).
Methods: A scoping review was carried out by consulting the PUBMED, CINAHL, and COCHRANE databases. From all the documents located, information was extracted on the date of publication, country of publication, type of study, and results of interest to answer the research question. In addition, the degree of recommendation was identified.
Results: Twenty-three documents were included in the scoping review. Results were classified in relation to: 1) description of the CAT SynCardia®; 2) nursing care in the immediate postoperative period (management of the device and management of hematological, infectious, nephrological, nutritional complications, related to immobilization, sleep-rest disturbances, psychological disorders, and patient and family education); and 3) follow-up at home.
Conclusions: The complexity of implantation of the TAH, the multiple related complications that can arise during this process, both in the immediate post-operative and late, require a standardised and multidisciplinary management. The absence of standardised protocols raises the need for future studies to measure the effectiveness of care in patients with TAH. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial. Nurses must acquire autonomy and involvement in decision-making and develop competencies to address the patient's and family's physiological and psychosocial needs.
CITA DEL ARTÍCULO Enferm Intensiva (Engl Ed). 2023 Sep 22;S2529-9840(23)00049-6. doi: 10.1016/j.enfie.2023.08.006