Overcoming class II-linked non-responsiveness to hepatitis B vaccine
Hervás-Stubbs S, Berasain C, Golvano JJ, Lasarte JJ, Prieto I, Sarobe P, Prieto J, Borrás-Cuesta F.
This work shows that class II-linked humoral lack of response to an antigen can be overcome by joint immunization with the antigen and a T-helper cell determinant (TDh) well recognized by class II molecules of a non-responder individual.
Thus, SJL/J mice (H-2s), which are non-responders to the S region of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg), were rendered responders by joint immunization with a recombinant surface antigen, only composed of the S region, and a short synthetic TDh peptide well recognized by the H-2s restriction. By contrast, when this peptide is not recognized as TDh, as in B10M mice (H-2f restricted and also non-responders to the S region), no humoral response could be induced against the S region.
These results have important implications for therapy and vaccination against hepatitis B virus as well as in enhancing the immunogenicity of other antigens.