Cobimetinib Alone and Plus Venetoclax With/Without Atezolizumab in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Fredrik Schjesvold 1 , Bruno Paiva 2 , Vincent Ribrag 3 , Paula Rodriguez-Otero 4 , Jesus F San-Miguel 4 , Pawel Robak 5 , Markus Hansson 6 , Maika Onishi 7 , Habib Hamidi 7 , Vikram Malhi 7 , Monique Dail 7 , Apurva Javery 8 , Grace Ku 7 , Marc S Raab 9
Introduction: Mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway mutations are present in >50% of patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) multiple myeloma (MM). MEK inhibitors show limited single-agent activity in R/R MM; combination with B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) and programmed death-ligand 1 inhibition may improve efficacy. This phase Ib/II trial (NCT03312530) evaluated safety and efficacy of cobimetinib (cobi) alone and in combination with venetoclax (ven) with/without atezolizumab (atezo) in patients with R/R MM.
Patients and methods: Forty-nine patients were randomized 1:2:2 to cobi 60 mg/day on days 1-21 (n = 6), cobi 40 mg/day on days 1-21 + ven 800 mg/day on days 1-28 with/without atezo 840 mg on days 1 and 15 of 28-day cycles (cobi-ven, n = 22; cobi-ven-atezo, n = 21). Safety run-in cohorts evaluated cobi-ven and cobi-ven-atezo dose levels.
Results: Any-grade common adverse events (AEs) with cobi, cobi-ven, and cobi-ven-atezo, respectively, included diarrhea (33.3%, 81.8%, 90.5%) and nausea (16.7%, 50.0%, 66.7%); common grade ≥3 AEs included anemia (0%, 22.7%, 23.8%), neutropenia (0%, 13.6%, 38.1%), and thrombocytopenia (0%, 18.2%, 23.8%). The overall response rate for all-comers was 0% (cobi), 27.3% (cobi-ven), and 28.6% (cobi-ven-atezo), and 0%, 50.0%, and 100%, respectively, in patients with t(11;14)+. Biomarker analysis demonstrated non-t(11;14) patient selection with NRAS/KRAS/BRAF mutation or high BCL-2/BCL-2-L1 ratio (>52% of the study population) could enrich for responders to the cobi-ven combination.
Conclusions: Cobi-ven and cobi-ven-atezo demonstrated manageable safety with moderate activity in all-comers, and higher activity in patients with t(11;14)+ MM, supporting a biomarker-driven approach for ven in MM.