Publicaciones científicas

Activation of noncanonical Wnt signaling through WNT5A in visceral adipose tissue of obese subjects is related to inflammation

01-ago-2014 | Revista: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

Catalán V (1), Gómez-Ambrosi J, Rodríguez A, Pérez-Hernández AI, Gurbindo J, Ramírez B, Méndez-Giménez L, Rotellar F, Valentí V, Moncada R, Martí P, Sola I, Silva C, Salvador J, Frühbeck G. (1) Metabolic Research Laboratory (V.C., J.G.-A., A.R., A.I.P.-H., J.G., B.R., L.M.-G., G.F.) and Departments of Surgery (F.R., V.V., P.M.), Anesthesia (R.M.), Pathology (I.S.), and Endocrinology and Nutrition (C.S., J.S., G.F.), Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain; and CIBER de la Obesidad y Nutrición (V.C., J.G.-A., A.R., B.R., F.R., V.V., C.S., J.S., G.F.), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 31008, Pamplona, Spain. 


CONTEXT:

Wingless-type mouse mammary tumor virus integration site family (WNT)-5A is a glycoprotein involved in the regulation of the inflammatory response by activating the noncanonical Wnt signaling pathway.

Secreted frizzled-related protein (SFRP)-5 acts as a decoy receptor that binds and sequesters WNT5A, preventing activation of frizzled receptors and attenuating the noncanonical Wnt signaling.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to evaluate the involvement of WNT5A and SFRP5 in obesity and obesity-related comorbidities as well as to explore their effect in visceral adipose tissue inflammation.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Samples obtained from 90 subjects were used. Circulating and gene expression levels of WNT5A and SFRP5 were analyzed in different metabolic tissues. The effect of TNF-α and lipopolysaccharide on the transcript levels of WNT5A and SFRP5 in adipocytes was explored. We also investigated whether WNT5A itself can activate an inflammatory response.

RESULTS:

Increased circulating levels of WNT5A in obese patients (P < .05) were decreased (P < .001) after gastric bypass. In this line, WNT5A mRNA in visceral adipose tissue was increased (P < .05) in obese patients with gene expression levels of SFRP5 being down-regulated (P < .05).

WNT5A mRNA expression was significantly enhanced (P < .01) by lipopolysaccharide and TNF-α treatment, whereas no effects were found in SFRP5 gene expression levels. Furthermore, exogenous WNT5A induced (P < .05) IL-6, IL1B, MMP2, MMP9, and SSP1 mRNA expression in human adipocyte cultures.

CONCLUSIONS:

Activation of noncanonical Wnt signaling through the up-regulation of WNT5A and down-regulation of SFRP5 may promote a proinflammatory state in visceral adipose tissue contributing to the development of obesity-associated comorbidities.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Aug;99(8):E1407-17. doi: 10.1210/jc.2014-1191. Epub 2014 May 19.