Publicaciones científicas

Methylation status of Wnt signaling pathway genes affects the clinical outcome of Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Martin V, Agirre X, Jiménez-Velasco A, José-Eneriz ES, Cordeu L, Gárate L, Vilas-Zornoza A, Castillejo JA, Heiniger A, Prósper F, Torres A, Roman-Gomez J.
Hematology Department, Reina Sofia Hospital, 14004-Cordoba, Spain.

Revista: Cancer Science

Fecha: 01-sep-2008

Área de Terapia Celular

The clinical significance of aberrant promoter methylation of the canonical Wnt pathway antagonist genes (sFRP1, sFRP2, sFRP4, sFRP5, Wif1, Dkk3, and Hdpr1) and also putative tumor-suppressor gene Wnt5a, belonging to the non-canonical Wnt signaling pathway, was investigated in a large series of 75 patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction.

At least one methylated gene was observed in cells from 66% (49/75) of patients (methylated group). Disease-free survival and overall survival at 9 years were 51 and 40%, respectively, for the unmethylated group and 3 and 2%, respectively, for the methylated group (both P < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the Wnt methylation profile was an independent prognostic factor predicting disease-free survival (P = 0.007) and overall survival (P = 0.039).

Abnormal DNA methylation of promoter-associated CpG islands in the Wnt signaling pathway is very common in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia and potentially defines subgroups with distinct clinical characteristics.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Cancer Sci. 2008 Sep;99(9):1865-8

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