Scientific publications

Role of the Home Environment in Rhinoconjunctivitis and Eczema in Schoolchildren in Pamplona, Spain

N Ibargoyen-Roteta (1), I Aguinaga-Ontoso (1), M Fernandez-Benitez (2), B Marin-Fernandez (1), F Guillen-Grima [SP] (1,3), I Serrano-Monzo, (4), J Hermoso-de-Mendoza (1), C Brun-Sandiumetge (1), A Ferrer-Nadal (3), A Irujo-Andueza (5)
(1) Department of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, Public University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
(2) Department of Allergology, University Clinic, University of Navarra, Medical School, Pamplona, Spain
(3) Division of Preventive Medicine, University Clinic of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
(4) Department of Community Nursing and Maternal & Child Health, University of Navarra School of Nursing, Pamplona, Spain
(5) Department of Anatomy, University of Navarra, Medical School, Pamplona, Spain

Magazine: Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology

Date: Jun 1, 2007

Preventive Medicine [SP] Allergology and Immunology Department

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
Indoor air quality has become an important factor for sensitization and development of allergic diseases because of increased time spent in homes. We aimed to analyze the possible home-condition risk factors for allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, atopic eczema, and severe disease in schoolchildren aged 5 through 8 years.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
The parents of 3360 school children in Pamplona, Spain in the 5-8-year-old age bracket answered questions about rhinitis and eczema symptoms from the protocol of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). The instrument contained additional questions about current home conditions related to mold and dust exposure and about conditions in the first year of life. Associations between the allergic diseases and early and current exposure were studied with chi(2) tests and bivariate and multivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS
Exposure to certain home conditions related to molds and dust in the first year of life increased the risk of allergic disease, but having good isolating windows in the first year of life protected against allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and severe atopic eczema. Some current home conditions were also related to an increased risk of current allergic disease; severe atopic eczema was more common among children with single glazing over the bedroom window.

CONCLUSION
Current and first-year-of-life home conditions related to dust and mold exposure should be controlled because they influence the prevalence of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and atopic eczema diseases. Moreover, having a double-glazed window currently and in the first year of life seems to protect against these diseases.

CITATION  J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2007;17(3):137-44

you maybe interested

WHAT TECHNOLOGY
DO WE USE?

The Clínica is the greater private hospital with technological equipment of Spain, all in a single center.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

OUR
PROFESSIONALS

The professionals of the Clínica perform continuous research and training, always to the benefit of the patient.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

WHY CHOOSE
THE CLINICA?

Learn why we are different from other healthcare centers. Quality, speed, comfort and results.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra