Scientific publications

Engineering Th determinants for efficient priming of humoral and cytotoxic T cell responses

López-Díaz de Cerio A, Lasarte JJ, Casares N, Sarobe P, Ruiz M, Prieto J, Borrás-Cuesta F.
Universidad de Navarra, Division de Hepatología y Terapia Génica, Facultad de Medicina. Irunlarrea 1, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.

Magazine: International Immunology

Date: Jun 1, 2003

Hepatology

To engineer T(h) determinants (THd) to prime help for humoral or cytotoxic T cell responses, we modified ovalbumin [OVA(323-337)] and myoglobin [MYO(106-118)] eliciting T(h)1 and T(h)0 cytokine profiles respectively. Residues along the sequence of both THd were replaced with amino acids representative of different families. Replacements at positions P-1 and P5 pointing to the TCR in both THd afforded higher levels of IFN-gamma and IL-4 production.

Peptides eliciting different proportions of IFN-gamma and IL-4 were co-immunized with a peptide hapten or a T cytotoxic determinant (TCd) respectively. OVA(323-337)- and MYO(106-118)-derived peptides afforded the best THd for the induction of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and anti-hapten antibodies respectively. IFN-gamma and IL-4, primed by MYO(106-118)-derived peptides, correlated significantly with antibody production against the hapten (P < 0.05 for IFN-gamma and P < 0.05 for IL-4). Interestingly, two peptides derived from OVA(323-337), 323G and 327G, which induced the clearest T(h)2 cytokine profiles, were not the most efficient to prime cell help for the induction of anti-hapten antibodies. For CTL induction, OVA(323-337)-derived peptides, inducing a T(h)1-like profile, required a lower dose (5 nmol) than T(h)0 peptides (50 nmol).

The dose of 50 nmol was detrimental for T(h)1-like peptides. Interestingly, IFN-gamma primed by the THd correlated significantly with that induced by the TCd (P < 0.01).

CITATION  Int Immunol. 2003 Jun;15(6):691-9

you mayBE INTERESTED

WHAT TECHNOLOGY
DO WE USE?

The Clínica is the greater private hospital with technological equipment of Spain, all in a single center.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

OUR
PROFESSIONALS

The professionals of the Clínica perform continuous research and training, always to the benefit of the patient.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

WHY CHOOSE
THE CLINICA?

Learn why we are different from other healthcare centers. Quality, speed, comfort and results.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra