Hemostatic disturbances in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and associated acute renal failure (ARF)
Nuria García-Fernández (1), Ramón Montes (3), Andrés Purroy (1) and Eduardo Rocha (2,3)
(1) Nephrology and (2) Hematology Services and (3) Thrombosis and Hemostasis Research Unit, University Clinic of Navarra, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
Magazine: Thrombosis Research
Date: Oct 1, 2000Haematology and Hameotherapy Nephrology [SP]
Endothelial damage plays a central role in the development of an SIRS-related Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS) as a consequence of the establishment of a hemostatic imbalance between coagulation and fibrinolysis systems. Until now, sepsis is the SIRS model that has been most studied.
The aim of this study was to assess the endothelial damage and the hemostatic imbalance in early stages of an SIRS of different origins, and to study if there are any differences in these disturbances between infectious and noninfectious SIRS. The endothelial damage and hemostatic changes were studied in 40 patients with SIRS (with less than 12 h of evolution) and an acute renal failure. Infectious SIRS was diagnosed in 19 cases and noninfectious SIRS in the remaining 21 patients. Patients with SIRS presented significantly higher values (p<0.001) for factors related to endothelial damage [von Willebrand factor (vWF), thrombomodulin, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) antigen], hypercoagulability [prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2) and thrombin–antithrombin complexes (TAT)], and fibrinolysis (D-dimer and PAI activity) with respect to the control group. However, although the group with infectious SIRS presented higher values for all the factors except for the t-PA and D-dimer with respect to SIRS of other origins, none of these differences reached statistical significance (p>0.05).
Our data show that patients with SIRS and associated acute renal failure, irrespective of the origin (infectious or noninfectious), show signs of intense endothelial damage and hypercoagulability throughout the process.
CITATION Thromb Res. 2000 Oct 1;100(1):19-25
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