Publicações científicas

Cross-face neurotized platysmal muscular graft for upper eyelid reanimation: an anatomic feasibility study

Hontanilla B (1), Marre D, Cabello Á [ES].
(1) From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Revisão:Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

Data: 1/Mar/2014

Cirurgía Plástica, Reparadora y Estética

BACKGROUND

Upper eyelid reanimation is one of the most important aspects of facial paralysis. The ideal method would be one that provided dynamic restoration of voluntary eye closure, involuntary blinking, and corneal reflex. Innervation to the platysma has shown to be relatively consistent, which would allow its use as a muscle graft neurotized by the contralateral healthy facial nerve for eyelid reanimation.

METHODS

Six fresh cadavers, 12 sides, were studied by dissecting the main trunk of the facial nerve and its cervicofacial division. Special attention was paid at the emergence of cervical branches to the platysma and its distribution on the undersurface of the muscle as well as its relationships with regional anatomic references.

RESULTS

One major branch with 1 or 2 accessory branches was found to emerge from the cervicofacial division, 1.5 cm distal to its origin in the facial nerve trunk. The major branch showed an oblique course, starting approximately 1 cm below the angle of the mandible and coursing toward the inferomedial border of the muscle.

Harvest of a 3 × 2 muscle piece with a 10-cm-long neural pedicle was possible in all specimens. When presented over the superior eyelid, the nerve branch was found to reach the contralateral frontal branch of the facial nerve.

CONCLUSIONS

Innervation to the platysma muscle is relatively constant and consists of 1 major branch accompanied by 1 or 2 accessory branches. Harvest of a muscle flap with a neural pedicle long enough to reach the contralateral healthy side is anatomically feasible.

CITAÇÃO DO ARTIGO  J Craniofac Surg. 2014 Mar;25(2):623-5. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000000503

talvezlhe interesse

QUE TECNOLOGIA UTILIZAMOS? 

A Clínica é o hospital privado com maiores recursos tecnológicos de Espanha, tudo num único centro.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

OS NOSSOS
PROFISSIONAIS

Os profissionais da Clínica realizam um trabalho contínuo de investigação e formação, sempre em benefício do paciente.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

RAZÕES PARA VIR
À CLÍNICA

Conheça porque é que somos diferentes em relação a outros centros sanitários. Qualidade, rapidez, comodidade e resultados.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra