Publicaciones científicas

IFN-alpha5 mediates stronger Tyk2-stat-dependent activation and higher expression of 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase than IFN-alpha2 in liver cells

Larrea E, Aldabe R, Riezu-Boj JI, Guitart A, Civeira MP, Prieto J, Baixeras E.
Division of Hepatology and Gene Therapy, Clinica Universitaria/School of Medicine, Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA). University of Navarra, Spain

Revista: Journal of Interferon and Citokyne Research

Fecha: 01-ago-2004

Hepatología

Interferon-alpha5 (IFN-alpha5) is the main IFN-alpha subtype expressed in the liver. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with low IFN-alpha5 mRNA levels, possibly reflecting an escape mechanism of the virus.

In this work, we sought to compare IFN-alpha2 and IFN-alpha5 with respect to activation of early cell signaling cascades and induction of antiviral genes in the human hepatoma HepG2 and Huh7 cell lines. We found that the Tyr701 phosphorylation kinetics of Stat1 mediated by IFN stimulation was higher when cells were incubated with IFN-alpha5 than when using IFN-alpha2. Similarly, Tyr(1054/1055) phosphorylation kinetics of Tyk2 were more intense after exposure to IFN-alpha5 than when using IFN-alpha2. Concomitantly, Tyr705 phosphorylation of Stat3 was higher after stimulation with IFN-alpha5 than with IFN-alpha2. In parallel to these findings, the mRNA levels of the antiviral IFN-inducible gene 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase were higher in cell samples treated with IFN-alpha5 than with IFN-alpha2. These findings suggest that interaction of IFN-alpha5 and IFN-alpha2 subtypes with IFN type I receptor occurs differently, and this affects the intensity of expression of antiviral genes. In conclusion, our data show that in hepatocytic cells, IFN-alpha5 induces stronger signaling and higher expression of antiviral genes than IFN-alpha2.

These data warrant clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy of IFN-alpha5 in chronic viral hepatitis.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2004 Aug;24(8):497-503

tal vezLE INTERESE

¿QUÉ TECNOLOGÍA UTILIZAMOS?

La Clínica es el hospital privado con mayor dotación tecnológica de España, todo en un único centro.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

NUESTROS
PROFESIONALES

Los profesionales de la Clínica realizan una labor continuada de investigación y formación, siempre en beneficio del paciente.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

POR QUÉ VENIR
A LA CLÍNICA

Conozca por qué somos diferentes a otros centros sanitarios. Calidad, rapidez, comodidad y resultados.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra