Publicaciones científicas

Determinants of toxicity patterns of failure and outcome among adult patients with soft tissue sarcomas of the extremity and Superficial trunk

San Miguel I, San Julián M, Cambeiro M, Sanmamed MF, Vázquez-García B, Pagola M, Gaztañaga M, Martín-Algarra S, Martinez-Monge R.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarra, Navarre, Spain

Revista: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics

Fecha: 15-nov-2011

Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología Oncología Médica Oncología Radioterápica

PURPOSE
The present study was undertaken to determine factors predictive of toxicity, patterns of failure, and survival in 60 adult patients with soft tissue sarcomas of the extremity and superficial trunk treated with combined perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy and external beam radiotherapy.

METHODS AND MATERIALS
The patients were treated with surgical resection and perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (16 or 24 Gy) for negative and close/microscopically positive resection margins, respectively. External beam radiotherapy (45 Gy) was added postoperatively to reach a 2-Gy equivalent dose of 62.9 and 72.3 Gy, respectively. Adjuvant chemotherapy with ifosfamide and doxorubicin was given to patients with advanced high-grade tumors.

RESULTS
Grade 3 toxic events were observed in 18 patients (30%) and Grade 4 events in 6 patients (10%). No Grade 5 events were observed. A location in the lower limb was significant for Grade 3 or greater toxic events on multivariate analysis (p = .013), and the tissue volume encompassed by the 150% isodose line showed a trend toward statistical significance (p = .086). The local control, locoregional control, and distant control rate at 9 years was 77.4%, 69.5%, and 63.8%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, microscopically involved margins correlated with local control (p = .036) and locoregional control (p = .007) and tumor size correlated with distant metastases (p = .004). The 9-year disease-free survival and overall survival rate was 47.0% and 61.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed poorer disease-free survival rates for patients with tumors >6 cm (p = .005) and microscopically involved margins (p = .043), and overall survival rates decreased with increasing tumor size (p = .011).

CONCLUSIONS
Grade 3 or greater wound complications can probably be decreased using meticulous treatment planning to decrease the tissue volume encompassed by the 150% isodose line, especially in lower limb locations. Microscopically involved margins remain a predictor of local and locoregional failure, despite radiation doses >70 Gy. Patients with tumors ?6 cm and microscopically involved margins are at high risk of treatment failure and death from the development of distant metastases.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Nov 15;81(4):e529-39. Epub 2011 Jun 12

tal vezLE INTERESE

¿QUÉ TECNOLOGÍA UTILIZAMOS?

La Clínica es el hospital privado con mayor dotación tecnológica de España, todo en un único centro.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

NUESTROS
PROFESIONALES

Los profesionales de la Clínica realizan una labor continuada de investigación y formación, siempre en beneficio del paciente.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

POR QUÉ VENIR
A LA CLÍNICA

Conozca por qué somos diferentes a otros centros sanitarios. Calidad, rapidez, comodidad y resultados.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra