Publicaciones científicas

Antigen specific quantification of sulfidoleukotrienes in patients allergic to Betalactam antibiotics.

García-Avilés C, Sanz ML, Gamboa PM, Urrutia I, Antépara I, Jauregui I, De Weck AL.
Departamento de Alergología e Inmunología Clínica, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Revista: Journal Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology

Fecha: 01-jun-2005

Alergología e Inmunología Clínica

BACKGROUND
After in vitro allergen-specific stimulation, basophils become activated and release sulfidoleukotrienes LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4. This can be detected by means of the CAST assay. We assessed the positivity criteria and the reliability of antigen-specific sulfidoleukotriene production (CAST) in the in vitro diagnosis of betalactam (BL) allergic patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
We studied a sample of 67 patients (age 48.94 +/- 15.76 years) who had presented with anaphylaxis or urticaria-angioedema within the first 60 minutes after administration of Amoxicillin (54/67), Penicillin G (7/67), Cefuroxime (5/67) or Cefazoline (1/67). All of them had a positive skin test to at least one of the antigenic determinants of Penicillin. As control group 30 adults with negative skin tests who tolerated BL were included. All of them underwent skin tests, oral provocation tests, specific IgE (CAP-FEIA, Pharmacia) and CAST.

RESULTS
Positivity criteria were established by means of ROC curves: a sLT release induced by Betalactams of at least 100 pg/ml and greater than or equal to 3 times the basal value. The overall sensitivity of CAST is 47.7% and specificity 83.3%. Sensitivity of specific IgE is 37.8% and specificity 83.3%.

CONCLUSIONS
We have established validated positivity criteria for the CAST technique in patients allergic to Betalactams. This technique is a useful in vitro diagnostic method in patients with IgE-mediated allergy to Betalactam antibiotics.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2005;15(1):37-45

tal vezLE INTERESE

¿QUÉ TECNOLOGÍA UTILIZAMOS?

La Clínica es el hospital privado con mayor dotación tecnológica de España, todo en un único centro.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

NUESTROS
PROFESIONALES

Los profesionales de la Clínica realizan una labor continuada de investigación y formación, siempre en beneficio del paciente.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

POR QUÉ VENIR
A LA CLÍNICA

Conozca por qué somos diferentes a otros centros sanitarios. Calidad, rapidez, comodidad y resultados.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra