Publicaciones científicas

The CD163-expressing macrophages recognize and internalize TWEAK: potential consequences in atherosclerosis

Moreno JA, Muñoz-García B, Martín-Ventura JL, Madrigal-Matute J, Orbe J, Páramo JA, Ortega L, Egido J, Blanco-Colio LM.
Vascular Research Lab, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Autonoma University, Avda Reyes Catolicos 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Revista: Atherosclerosis

Fecha: 01/11/2009

Hematología y Hemoterapia

BACKGROUND
CD163 is a new potential scavenger receptor of Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) which elicits diverse biologic actions involved in atherosclerosis. We have analyzed the importance of TWEAK-CD163 interaction in atherosclerosis.

METHODS
TWEAK and CD163 interaction was studied in cultured human macrophages. Moreover, TWEAK and CD163 expression was analyzed in carotid atherosclerotic plaques (immunohistochemistry) and plasma (ELISA). We have also assessed their potential association with intima/media thickness (IMT) in asymptomatic subjects.

RESULTS
In vitro studies revealed that CD163-expressing macrophages can bind and internalize TWEAK protein exogenously added from supernatants. Accordingly, we observed an inverse correlation between the expression of CD163 and TWEAK (r=-0.51; p=0.008) in the shoulder region of atherosclerotic plaques obtained from 25 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy.

The same trend was observed when we analyzed the plasma concentration of both proteins in 90 subjects free from clinical cardiovascular disease (r=-0.25; p=0.016) in which carotid ultrasonography was performed to determine IMT. In these subjects, we found a positive correlation between sCD163 and IMT (r=0.36; p<0.001) and between sCD163-sTWEAK ratio and IMT (r=0.51; p<0.001). This association remained significant after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors and inflammatory markers explaining 39% (sCD163) or 48% (sCD163-sTWEAK ratio) of IMT variance.

CONCLUSIONS
Our results suggest that TWEAK-CD163 interaction takes place in vivo, probably decreasing TWEAK plasma concentration. Furthermore, we have observed that CD163-TWEAK plasma ratio is a potential biomarker of clinical and subclinical atherosclerosis.

CITA DEL ARTÍCULO  Atherosclerosis. 2009 Nov;207(1):103-10

tal vezLE INTERESE

¿QUÉ TECNOLOGÍA UTILIZAMOS?

La Clínica es el hospital privado con mayor dotación tecnológica de España, todo en un único centro.

Imagen de un PET, tecnología de vanguardia en la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

NUESTROS
PROFESIONALES

Los profesionales de la Clínica realizan una labor continuada de investigación y formación, siempre en beneficio del paciente.

Imagen profesionales de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra

POR QUÉ VENIR
A LA CLÍNICA

Conozca por qué somos diferentes a otros centros sanitarios. Calidad, rapidez, comodidad y resultados.

Imagen del edificio de la Clínica Universidad de Navarra