Surgical management of retroperitoneal tumors with vena cava thrombus in the inferior cava using cardiopulmonary bypass, arrested circulation and profound hypothermia
Rodríguez-Rubio FI, Abad JI, Sanz G, Diez-Caballero F, Martín-Marquina A, Rosell D [SP], Robles JE [SP], Llorens R, Berián JM.
Department of Urology, Clinica Universitaria, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
Magazine: European Urology
Date: Jan 1, 1997Urology [SP]
It was our aim to review our surgical experience with retroperitoneal tumors extending to the vena cava by using cardiopulmonary bypass, deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest.
We performed this procedure in 15 patients. The ages ranged between 16 and 70 years. The primary malignancies were renal cell carcinoma (n = 13), Wilms' tumor (n = 1) and paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma (n = 1).
There were no operative deaths. One patient died on the fourth postoperative day because of pulmonary embolization. The most common postoperative complications were: 1 patient required surgical reexploration because of hemorrhage, there was transitory renal failure in 3 patients, 1 patient developed a postoperative reactive psychosis and 1 patient developed a subclinical pericarditis.
We believe that the resection of retroperitoneal malignancies with venous tumor thrombus extension offers, in selected patients, the only chance of reasonable long-term survival. The application of a cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermia in high level vena cava thrombi is an important advance that has improved the safety and technical efficacy of a difficult surgical undertaking.
CITATION Eur Urol. 1997;32(2):194-7
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