Scientific publications

Monitoring of trough plasma ganciclovir levels and peripheral blood cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CD8+ T cells to predict CMV DNAemia clearance in preemptively treated allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients

Giménez E (1), Solano C (2), Azanza JR [SP] (3), Amat P (4), Navarro D (5).
(1) Microbiology Service, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Fundación INCLIVA, Valencia, Spain.
(2) Hematology and Medical Oncology Service, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Fundación INCLIVA, Valencia, Spain Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.
(3) Clinic Pharmacology Service, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
(4) Hematology and Medical Oncology Service, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Fundación INCLIVA, Valencia, Spain.
(5) Microbiology Service, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Fundación INCLIVA, Valencia, Spain Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain 

Magazine: Clinical Nuclear Medicine

Date: Sep 1, 2014

Clinical Pharmacology [SP]

ABSTRACT

It is uncertain whether monitoring plasma ganciclovir (GCV) levels is useful in predicting cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNAemia clearance in preemptively treated allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients.

In this observational study, including 13 episodes of CMV DNAemia treated with intravenous (i.v.) GCV or oral valganciclovir, we showed that monitoring trough plasma GCV levels does not reliably predict response to therapy.

Rather, immunological monitoring (pp65 and immediate-early [IE]-1-specific gamma interferon [IFN-γ]-producing CD8+ T cells) appeared to perform better for this purpose.

CITATION  Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014 Sep;58(9):5602-5. doi: 10.1128/AAC.02953-14. Epub 2014 Jun 30.

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