Scientific publications

Management of prolonged convulsive seizures in the community: Results of the PERFECT™ study in Spain

Raspall-Chaure M (1), Martínez-Bermejo A (2), Pantoja-Martínez J (3), Paredes-Carmona F (4), Sánchez-Carpintero R [SP] (5), Wait S (6).
(1) Servicio de Neurología Pediátrica, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España.
(2) Servicio de Neuropediatría, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España.
(3) Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital de la Plana, Vila-real, Castellón, España.
(4) Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, Lleida, España.
(5) Unidad de Neurología Infantil, Departamento de Pediatría, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, España.
(6) SHW Health Limited, Londres, Reino Unido. 

Magazine: Anales de Pediatría

Date: Aug 1, 2014

Pediatric Neurology Unit [SP] Pediatrics [SP]

Introduction
The Practices in Emergency and Rescue medication For Epilepsy managed with Community administered Therapy (PERFECT™) Initiative was set up in 2011 to gain a better understanding of how prolonged convulsive seizures are managed, and rescue medication is administered, in out-of-hospital settings across Europe. This paper explores the initial research findings for Spain.

Material and methods
A review was made of existing clinical guidelines, guidance to schools, and relevant policy and legal frameworks, as well as a survey of 20 healthcare professionals who treat children with prolonged convulsive seizures in Spain.

Results
Existing clinical guidelines pertain mainly to the hospital setting, and contain very little information on how prolonged seizures should be managed outside of the hospital. Guidance for schools is unclear as to whether teachers are allowed to administer rescue medication to children, and there is no legal obligation for school staff to administer medication to children under their care.

As a result of such uncertainty, whether or not children who experience prolonged seizures receive their rescue medication during school hours depends mostly on the resources and training available in each school.

Conclusions
There is a need for more explicit guidance covering educational and healthcare settings, clearer information to parents and schools, and more systematic training to be made available to caregivers. This is to ensure that all children at risk of a prolonged convulsive seizure receive rescue medication in a timely manner, regardless of where their seizure occurs. 

CITATION  An Pediatr (Barc). 2014 Aug;81(2):99-106. doi: 10.1016/j.anpedi.2013.09.011. Epub 2013 Nov 26

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