Lack of CpG island methylator phenotype defines a clinical subtype of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia associated with good prognosis
Roman-Gomez J, Jimenez-Velasco A, Agirre X, Prosper F, Heiniger A, Torres A.
Hematology Department, Reina Sofia Hospital, Avda, Menendez Pidal s/n, 14004 Cordoba, Spain
Magazine: Journal of Clinical Oncology
Date: Oct 1, 2005Haematology and Hameotherapy
To examine cancer genes undergoing epigenetic inactivation in a set of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALLs) to obtain the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in the disease and its possible correlation with clinical features and outcome of the patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze methylation of the ADAMTS-1, ADAMTS-5, APAF-1, ASPP-1, CDH1, CDH13, DAPK, DIABLO, DKK-3, LATS-1, LATS-2, NES-1, p14, p15, p16, p57, p73, PARK-2, PTEN, sFRP1/2/4/5, SHP-1, SYK, TMS-1, and WIF-1 genes in samples from 50 consecutive T-ALL patients (19 children and 31 adults). Results were compared with results obtained in 286 B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (B-ALLs).
A total of 88% of the T-ALL samples had at least one gene methylated. According to the number of methylated genes observed in each individual sample, 12 patients (24%) were included in the CIMP- group (zero to two methylated genes), and 38 patients (76%) were included in the CIMP+ group (> two methylated genes). Clinical features and remission rate did not differ significantly among both groups of patients. Estimated disease-free survival (DFS) rate at 12 years and overall survival (OS) rate at 13 years were 100% and 91% for the CIMP- group and 20% and 17% for the CIMP+ group, respectively (P = .0006 and P = .003, respectively). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that methylation profile was an independent prognostic factor in predicting DFS (P = .05) and OS (P = .02). A group of five genes (SYK-1, ASPP-1, sFRP-2, sFRP-5, and WIF-1) showed specificity for T-ALL compared with B-ALL.
Our results suggest that the methylation profile may be a potential new biomarker of risk prediction in T-ALL.
CITATION J Clin Oncol. 2005 Oct 1;23(28):7043-9
you maybe interested
The Clínica is the greater private hospital with technological equipment of Spain, all in a single center.
The professionals of the Clínica perform continuous research and training, always to the benefit of the patient.
Learn why we are different from other healthcare centers. Quality, speed, comfort and results.