Scientific publications

Interaction of 2-Gy equivalent dose and margin status in perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy

Martínez-Monge R, Cambeiro M [SP], Moreno M [SP], Gaztañaga M, San Julián M, Alcalde J [SP], Jurado M.
Department of Oncology, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, University of Navarre, Navarre

Magazine: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics

Date: Mar 15, 2011

Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology [SP] Otorhinolaryngology Radiation Oncology Gynaecology and Obstetrics

PURPOSE
To determine patient, tumor, and treatment factors predictive of local control (LC) in a series of patients treated with either perioperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy (PHDRB) alone (Group 1) or with PHDRB combined with external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) (Group 2).

PATIENT AND METHODS
Patients (n = 312) enrolled in several PHDRB prospective Phase I-II studies conducted at the Clínica Universidad de Navarra were analyzed. Treatment with PHDRB alone, mainly because of prior irradiation, was used in 126 patients to total doses of 32 Gy/8 b.i.d. or 40 Gy/10 b.i.d. treatments after R0 or R1 resections. Treatment with PHDRB plus EBRT was used in 186 patients to total doses of 16 Gy/4 b.i.d. or 24 Gy/6 b.i.d. treatments after R0 or R1 resections along with 45 Gy of EBRT with or without concomitant chemotherapy.

RESULTS
no dose-margin interaction was observed in Group 1 patients. In Group 2 patients there was a significant interaction between margin status and 2-Gy equivalent (Eq2Gy) dose (p = 0.002): (1) patients with negative margins had 9-year LC of 95.7% at Eq2Gy = 62.9Gy; (2) patients with close margins of >1 mm had 9-year LC of 92.4% at Eq2Gy = 72.2Gy, and (3) patients with positive/close <1-mm margins had 9-year LC of 68.0% at Eq2Gy = 72.2Gy.

CONCLUSIONS
Two-gray equivalent doses ?70 Gy may compensate the effect of close margins ?1 mm but do not counterbalance the detrimental effect of unfavorable (positive/close <1 mm) resection margins. No dose-margin interaction is observed in patients treated at lower Eq2Gy doses ?50 Gy with PHDRB alone.

CITATION Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Mar 15;79(4):1158-63

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