Influence of two polymorphisms of the tumoral necrosis factor-alpha gene on the obesity phenotype
Corbalán MS, Marti A, Forga L, Patiño A [SP], Martínez-Gonzalez MA, Martínez JA.
Department of Physiology and Nutrition, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
Magazine: Diabetes, Nutrition & Metabolism
Date: Feb 1, 2004Pediatrics [SP]
Several populational-based studies have suggested an association between tumoral necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) polymorphisms and obesity-related phenotypes. Therefore, this study aimed at assessing the situation (frequency and associated phenotype) of two TNF-alpha common polymorphisms in a Spanish population. In a case-control design study, a group of Spanish subjects (n=313) were genotyped for the TNF-alpha G/A -308 and -238 polymorphisms.
Obese subjects (cases) were compared with lean individuals (controls) according to body mass index (BMI; cases: BMI >30 kg/m2, controls: BMI <25 kg/m2). Waist-to-hip ratio, body composition and some metabolic indicators were assessed. The frequency of the -308A allele (0.14) and -238A allele (0.09) was similar to those previously reported in other Caucasian populations. Interestingly, cases with the -308A allele of the TNF-alpha gene have significantly higher hip and waist circumferences (p<0.05), BMI (p<0.01) and body fat mass (p<0.05) values than obese individuals carrying the -308G allele, but not the waist-to-hip ratio. No apparent influence of the -308A polymorphism on other metabolic indicators (insulin and leptin levels) was found. We could not detect any association between the substitution at position -238 polymorphism of the TNF-alpha gene and obesity anthropometrical phenotypes in this Spanish population, despite some differences in plasma leptin.
These results support the hypothesis that the G/A -308 polymorphism of the TNF-alpha gene is associated with a higher BMI as well as hip ad waist circumferences, particularly on female bearers, while no influence on such measurements was found for the G/A -238 TNF-alpha gene polymorphism, but only an effect on leptinaemia.
CITATION Diabetes Nutr Metab. 2004 Feb;17(1):17-22
you maybe interested
The Clínica is the greater private hospital with technological equipment of Spain, all in a single center.
The professionals of the Clínica perform continuous research and training, always to the benefit of the patient.
Learn why we are different from other healthcare centers. Quality, speed, comfort and results.