Anatomical and functional evidences of cerebral hemispheric asymmetries are reviewed in reference to fetal life, infancy and childhood. In general, left hemisphere deals with linguistic-sequenced-analytic-logic-deductive cognitive processing, whereas the right hemisphere is involved in spatial-simultaneous-inductive-intuitive tasks; attention and interactional functions predominate on the right hemisphere, too. The clinical and technological means to diagnose the functional lateralization in individual patients are discussed.
A critical review is made of abnormal lateralizations and interhemispheric supplencies in various neuropsychiatric conditions of childhood: learning disabilities, epilepsy, attention deficit disorder, mental deficiency with chromosomopathies and infantile autism.
CITATION Rev Med Univ Navarra. 1989 Apr-Jun;33(2):89-99
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