Efficacy of deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's disease 4 years after surgery: double blind and open label evaluation
Rodríguez-Oroz M.C., Zamarbide I., Guridi J., Palmero M.R., Obeso J.A.
Department of Neurology and Neurology, Neuroscience Center, Clínica Universitaria and Medical School, Universidad de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.
Magazine: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Date: Oct 1, 2004Neurosurgery Neurology [SP]
To evaluate the long term (4 years) efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in advanced Parkinson's disease.
We performed a double blind crossover evaluation of the efficacy of DBS of the STN in the off medication condition in 10 patients with Parkinson's disease. Assessments included the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) part III (motor) and two timed tests (arm tapping and walking). Open evaluation of the effect of stimulation in the off and on drug states preoperatively and at 1 and 4 years postoperatively was also conducted. The latter assessment included the UPDRS parts II (activities of daily living) and III (dyskinesia scale and global assessment) as judged by the patient and examiner. The mean amount of levodopa daily dose at base line, 1 year, and 4 years after surgery was compared.
A significant (p<0.04) effect of stimulation was observed in the overall group regarding both the UPDRS motor and the timed tests. Open evaluation also showed a significant benefit of STN DBS with respect to preoperative assessment in both the motor and activities of daily living scales, dyskinesia scale, and in global assessment. Levodopa daily dose was reduced by 48% and 50% at 1 and 4 years, respectively. There was no difference between the 1 and 4 years evaluations in any of the parameters evaluated. Complications due to stimulation were minor.
DBS of the STN provides a significant and persistent anti-parkinsonian effect in advanced Parkinson's disease 4 years after surgery.
CITATION J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Oct;75(10):1382-5
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