Scientific publications

Efficacy and toxicity of intra-arterial cisplatin and etoposide for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

Sangro B, Rios R, Bilbao I, Beloqui O, Herrero JI, Quiroga J [SP], Prieto J.
Liver Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Clinica Universitaria, Pamplona, Spain

Magazine: Oncology

Date: Jun 1, 2002

Radiology [SP] Medical Check-Ups Hepatology

OBJECTIVE
To analyze the results of an intra-arterially delivered combination chemotherapy in a group of patients with regionally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

METHODS
26 patients with proven locally advanced HCC treated with hepatic artery infusion of cisplatin (20 mg/m(2), days 1-5) and etoposide (75 mg/m(2), days 1-5) every 4 weeks were retrospectively studied.

RESULTS
In an intention-to-treat analysis, overall and complete response rates were 38 and 7%, respectively. Median duration of response was 5 months. Median survival time was 10 months and survival rates at 6, 12 and 24 months were 53, 33 and 24%, respectively. Survival was significantly longer for responders than for non-responders (median: 13 and 3 months, respectively). There were 4 treatment-related deaths among cirrhotics.

CONCLUSIONS
Intra-arterial chemotherapy using cisplatin and etoposide seems to have some anti-tumor effect against advanced HCC, although a high rate of life- threatening complications precludes the indication of this regimen at least for patients with non-compensated cirrhosis. 

CITATION  Oncology. 2002;62(4):293-8

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