Scientific publications

Computing simulated endolymphatic flow thermodynamics during the caloric test using normal and hydropic duct models

Rey-Martinez J (1), McGarvie L (2), Pérez-Fernández N (3).
(1a) Otolaryngology Unit Orlgipuzkoa , Clínica Quirón , San Sebastián , Spain.
(2b) Institute of Clinical Neurosciences , Royal Prince Alfred Hospital , Camperdown , NSW , Australia.
(3c) Department of Otolaryngology , Clínica Universidad De Navarra , Pamplona , Spain. 

Magazine: Acta Oto-Laryngologica

Date: Oct 14, 2016

Otorhinolaryngology

CONCLUSION:
The obtained simulations support the underlying hypothesis that the hydrostatic caloric drive is dissipated by local convective flow in a hydropic duct.

OBJECTIVE:
To develop a computerized model to simulate and predict the internal fluid thermodynamic behavior within both normal and hydropic horizontal ducts.

METHODS:
This study used a computational fluid dynamics software to simulate the effects of cooling and warming of two geometrical models representing normal and hydropic ducts of one semicircular horizontal canal during 120 s.

RESULTS:
Temperature maps, vorticity, and velocity fields were successfully obtained to characterize the endolymphatic flow during the caloric test in the developed models.

In the normal semicircular canal, a well-defined endolymphatic linear flow was obtained, this flow has an opposite direction depending only on the cooling or warming condition of the simulation.

For the hydropic model a non-effective endolymphatic flow was predicted; in this model the velocity and vorticity fields show a non-linear flow, with some vortices formed inside the hydropic duct.

CITATION  Acta Otolaryngol. 2016 Oct 14:1-5

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