Scientific publications

Cochlear wall erosion after cochlear implantation

Cervera-Paz FJ [SP], Linthicum FH Jr.
Department of Histopathology, House Ear Institute, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Magazine: The Annals of Othology, Rhinology and Laryngology

Date: Jul 1, 2005

Otorhinolaryngology

OBJECTIVES
Cochlear implantation is a clinically satisfactory procedure, but it is associated with a variable degree of histologic intracochlear trauma. We report a new histologic finding in a cochlear implant specimen from the House Ear Institute collection.

METHODS
An analysis of 34 temporal bones with single-channel (n = 23) or multichannel (n = 11) cochlear implants was performed. All temporal bones had been fixed for a month in 10% buffered formalin, progressively decalcified in ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, and embedded in celloidin. After electrode removal, the bones were cut into 20-microm sections and stained.

RESULTS
In 1 specimen, the implanted electrode had caused erosion of the bone through the endosteum into the marrow spaces, at the superior-anterior portion of the basal turn. This area showed an intense lymphocytic infiltration surrounded by some new bone formation.

CONCLUSIONS
Trauma may provoke an inflammatory reaction due to the presence of the foreign body after violation of the endosteum.

CITATION   2005 Jul;114(7):543-6.

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