Catamenial pneumothorax is a clinical variant of spontaneous pneumothorax. Its etiology is attributed either, generally, to endometriosis involving the diaphragm, or to prostaglandin-induced bronchiolar constriction. Clinically, it coincides with the onset of menstruation and resolves during the subsequent days.
Treatment is currently based upon progestational agents and antigonadotrophins.
CITATION Rev Fr Gynecol Obstet. 1992 Mar;87(3):145-7
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