diagnosis and treatment of hepatocarcinoma
The Clínica performs various techniques to diagnose liver tumours, including hepatocarcinoma.
- Hepatic elastography [SP]: a new, noninvasive, simple and fast procedure. It improves the diagnosis and monitoring of the evolution of hepatic fibrosis. The test lasts just 15 minutes, does not require anaesthesia and is painless.
- Other techniques for detecting potential liver tumours are ultrasonography [SP], scanner or CAT [SP], magnetic resonance imaging [SP] and liver biopsy [SP].
This is a highly selective vascular treatment limited to the liver.
It consists of injecting, through the artery and as selectively as possible, tiny plastic spheres that obstruct the small vessels. The result is that the tumour or tumours are denied a blood supply. The treatment is usually repeated every six weeks as often as necessary, typically three or four times.
Although arterial embolisation does not require an operating room or anaesthesia, hospitalisation of between two and four days is common because this time is needed to control adverse effects such as pain, nausea and fever. Although the treatment is not especially risky, it is not unusual to feel tired and experience fever for a few days after the treatment.
Embolisation is a treatment that can be used when other more effective treatments, such as surgery and radiofrequency, are not possible.
Its application offers greater survival for patients and can be curative. It should be noted that the treatment can only be applied when the liver function is very good.