Back BREAST cancer

Prevention and Early Detection 

The prognosis for breast cancer depends on its extent; obtaining an early diagnosis is therefore of the utmost importance. Palpation and mammography help us locate suspicious lesions.

Another complementary technique is ultrasonography. When the malignancy of a node is suspected, the lesion is punctured with a very fine needle and cells are extracted for analysis. Biopsies are also performed.

Most patients who present breast cancer have no risk factors that would lead them to suspect that they could suffer from the disease. For this reason, it is essential to consider the following recommendations: 


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If you require the opinion of our experts without having to travel to the Clinica, we offer the possibility of a Second Medical Opinion consultation.

It´s advisable that women examine themselves in order to observe any changes to their breasts, and if they do notice differences, they should contact a specialist. All women should self-examine themselves once a month.

For women of reproductive age, they should preferentially carry out self-examinations one week after their menstruation has finished.

In postmenopausal women, they should also check their breasts once a month, on a date they find easy to remember, so they do not forget.

The specialists at the Clínica Universidad de Navarra advise women to start having check-ups with a mammography after reaching 40 years old. If a woman has existing risk factors, they must start these check-ups before, and a specialist can advise them as to what tests would be most appropriate and how often they should do them.

Periodic testing aids early detection of diseases, one of the main methods of observing any possible breast changes. As a consequence of prevention campaigns and periodic testing in women that don´t present any symptoms, the tumours being discovered are smaller and smaller.

The majority of changes a woman may notice in her breasts throughout her life are benign, frequently due to hormones or related to their menstrual cycle, although others are the initial phases of a breast tumour. Some tumours are benign, whilst others are malignant, and are capable of spreading to other organs. 

From 50 years old, women should prepare themselves for entering this next stage of their lives. The body undergoes various changes, which makes accurate gynaecological, psychological, nutrition, etc. evaluations necessary.

A multidisciplinary approach to a woman´s general health is very important at this stage of life, when it is essential to detect gynaecological diseases early on. As women get older, there are more risk factors to consider for contracting cancer.

Almost 8% of breast cancer cases are hereditary.

The women carrying the mutation are up to 10 times more likely to contract the disease than other women.

The Genetics Unit [SP] at the Clínica Universidad de Navarra has vast experience in carrying out genetic analysis to determine:

The patient´s genetic susceptibility to suffering specific types of cancer, including breast cancer, using the BRCA1 gene study (for families with a history of breast or ovarian cancer) and BRCA2 (especially for families with a history of male breast cancer).

The foreseen response to specific chemotherapy treatments, allowing the specialists to design personalised treatments for each patient.

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