diagnosis and treatment of brain tumours
The Clínica has the most advanced imaging tests. Magnetic resonance imaging helps us see brain tissue lesions, their location and size. By adding the most sophisticated resonance and PET sequencing with methionine, the type of tumour can be determined. This information can be transferred to navigation devices in the operating room that correlate these images with the actual space in which the surgeons will work.
In order to establish an accurate diagnosis of the tumour type and grade, tissue needs to be taken and analysed by a neuropathologist. The biopsy can be performed through open surgery or by image-guided puncture. This latter technique is known as stereotactic surgery, which results in less discomfort for the patient. With a meticulous technique in the operating room and laboratory, it is possible to obtain a sample of sufficient quality and quantity for diagnosis and perform the necessary molecular marker tests.
This test detects the presence of the glioma and its grade of malignancy in cases in which, due to its location, it is impossible to perform a biopsy.
- An accurate and precise diagnosis of the tumour.
- A reduction in the pressure on the healthy brain to improve the symptoms.
- Total extirpation can heal the tumour and facilitate the effects of other treatments.
- Extirpation without damaging healthy neighbouring areas.
Neurophysiological monitoring in the operating room
- The blood-brain barrier, which protects the central nervous system from the arrival of toxic substances in the blood.
- The special resistance of these tumours to current chemotherapy drugs.
Radiation therapy can cure some benign tumours.
Proper planning and execution of radiation therapy is essential for ensuring that the tumour is applied the maximum dose while at same time preserving and not damaging normal tissue.
In the Clínica, this level of precision is possible because we have qualified and highly experienced professionals and the most advanced technology in imaging tests for correct and careful planning.
Radiation therapy can also cure some benign tumours, especially if their size and location allow for sufficiently high radiation to be administered to the tumour.
Studies have shown that its administration in the postoperative period does not increase the survival of these patients, but it does increase the time during which the tumour is controlled.